A UTI is a bacterial infection that develops within the urethra, the kidneys, or the bladder. UTIs are caused by bacteria entering the urinary tract through the urethra. If the UTI is treated promptly, it will end there. However, the infection if not identified and treated right away, it will spread through the rest of the urinary tract.
The most obvious indicators of a UTI include: frequent urination, burning during urination, and sudden lower back pain. All of these issues can be present at once, although some people experience only 1 or 2 of these symptoms.
Women are more likely to develop recurrent UTIs than men due to their shorter urethra, which makes it easier for bacteria to enter the body. Patients who suffer from diabetes have an increased chance of developing recurrent UTIs due to a weakened immune system. Those who suffer from kidney stones are also more likely to get recurrent UTIs because the kidney stones obstruct the normal flow of urine and allow infections to build up.
UTIs are treated based on both the cause of the infection and the history of the patient. Antibiotics such as trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, ciprofloxacin, and cephalexin are typically the medication of choice for UTIs. Although most patients feel better in just a few days, it's important to completely finish the prescribed course of medication to eliminate the infection. For people who suffer from recurrent UTIs, long-term low dose antibiotics may be used. In cases of serious UTIs, intravenous delivery of high dose antibiotics may be needed. However, prompt attention to UTI symptoms can help patients avoid the infection from becoming severe.
There are several measures that can help prevent UTIs. These include:
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